The year 2022 in review
The year 2022 in review
The year 2022 began on the back of a new COVID-19 wave driven by the more infectious Omicron variant. The continent was grappling with its fourth pandemic wave amid the world’s lowest vaccination rates. World Health Organization, the COVAX Facility and partner organizations ardently pushed for vaccine equity and ramped up supply and support to countries to increase vaccine uptake.
A vaccination campaign aiming to reach 100 million people in 10 priority countries helped increase the population’s protection against the virus. With a significant decline in COVID-19 cases as the year progressed, countries eased key pandemic control measures as economies reopened and efforts intensified to resume normalcy.
Beyond COVID-19, the region also faced major health emergencies including wild polio outbreak in southern Africa, Ebola and Marburg outbreaks as well as cases of mpox. But significant milestones were also crossed: Togo eliminated trachoma as a public health problem; healthy life expectancy rose by almost a decade; new efforts to strengthen emergency response were launched; and by the end of the year a billion COVID-19 vaccine doses had been delivered to the continent. Below is a highlight of the key moments in the region’s health landscape.
A case of wild poliovirus type 1 is detected after Africa goes for more than five years without any known infection, leading to ramped-up disease surveillance, vaccination and public awareness campaigns.
A second (after the one in Malawi) imported case of wild poliovirus is detected in Mozambique. National health authorities scale up response to the virus, including preparations for vaccination campaigns.
Despite great progress in reducing response rates, at least 100 health emergencies annually require urgent reforms to fill gaps across countries.
World Health Organization boosts efforts to support the government-led response against the outbreak as the first doses of candidate vaccines against the Sudan ebolavirus are expected in the country.
Progress made during the past decade against maternal and infant mortality in the African region is projected to slow down, a new analysis from the Atlas of African Health Statistics 2022 finds.
Africa receives 1 billion COVID-19 vaccine doses since deliveries began in early 2021. While the continent has made significant efforts to vaccinate its population, less than 30% of the population is currently fully vaccinated against the virus.