Neglected Tropical Diseases

    Overview

    Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) encompass 17 bacterial, parasitic and viral diseases that occur solely, or principally in tropical regions. They are often termed ‘neglected’ as the people who are most affected are the poorest populations living in rural areas, urban slums and conflict zones.

    Related Links

    Kuwait Fund and WHO in $4million multi-year agreement to tackle Neglected Tropical Diseases in Africa

    Neglected Tropical Diseases can be eliminated in our lifetime:  A Call for Action

    Disease Outbreak

    There is no Disease Outbreak data at this time

    Guidelines for stopping mass drug administration and verifying elimination of human onchocerciasis

    Human onchocerciasis (river blindness) is a disease of the skin and eye caused by Onchocerca volvulus, a parasitic worm transmitted by Simulium species (black flies) that breed in fast-flowing rivers and streams. The disease is endemic in 31 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, three countries in Latin America and in Yemen. Since 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) has verified three countries in Latin America as free of human onchocerciasis.

    Whilst nodulectomy and vector control have been implemented in the past, the current intervention strategy is based on mass drug administration (MDA) of ivermectin. In Africa, annual community-directed treatment with ivermectin is the main intervention in most areas except in a few foci where semi-annual treatment is implemented. In the Americas, semi-annual ivermectin treatment with a minimum coverage of 85% is the main intervention; recently, quarterly treatment has been implemented in some foci.

    Guidelines for stopping mass drug administration and verifying elimination of human onchocerciasis

    Featured news

    Seasonal workers in West Gondar
     | News release
    Preventing potentially fatal tropical disease in thousands of migrants in Ethiopia
    Qatar Fund for Development announces USD 3 million funding for work towards elimination of Neglected Tropical Diseases
     | News release
    Qatar Fund for Development announces USD 3 million funding for work towards elimination of Neglected Tropical Diseases
    Fusi, an Opthalmic nurse screens communities in Yendi  Photo: Ruth McDowall/Sightsavers 2016
     | News release
    Ghana eliminates trachoma, freeing millions from suffering and blindness
    Onchocerciasis, or 'river blindness', is a vector-borne disease spread through the repeated bites of infected blackflies
     | News release
    Advancing neglected tropical disease elimination in Sierra Leone

    Events

    ESPEN Luncheon

    ESPEN Luncheon: For an Africa free of Neglected Tropical Diseases