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Introduction to Ebola disease: Managing infectious hazards

Introduction to Ebola disease: Managing infectious hazards

WHO
  • Ebola disease is a severe, often fatal illness in humans.
  • The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and then spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.
  • The average Ebola case fatality rate is around 50%. Early supportive care with rehydration, symptomatic treatment improves survival.
  •  Five species of Ebola virus have been identified. Among them, Bundibugyo ebolavirus, Zaïre ebolavirus, and Sudan ebolavirus have been associated with large outbreaks in Africa.