Disease Outbreak News

21 November 2014 - On 4 November 2014, WHO was notified by the Ministry of Health of Madagascar of an outbreak of plague. The first case, a male from Soamahatamana village in the district of Tsiroanomandidy, was identified on 31 August. The patient died on 3 September.

As of 16 November, a total of 119 cases of plague have been confirmed, including 40 deaths. Only 2% of reported cases are of the pneumonic form.

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Separate circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses confirmed in South Sudan and Madagascar

In separate and unrelated events, circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses (cVDPVs) have been confirmed in South Sudan and Madagascar.

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On 11 November 2014, the Government of Uganda declared that Uganda was free of the Marburg virus. This declaration was made at the National Media Centre by the Minister of State for Primary Health Care, Hon. Sarah Achieng Opendi.

On 4 October 2014, WHO was notified by the Government of Uganda of a case of Marburg virus disease. The case was a male health professional that developed symptoms on 11 September. On 17 September, the patient was admitted to a district health facility in Mpigi. He was later transferred to a hospital in Kampala. On 28 September, the case passed away and was buried on 30 September in Kasese district.

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outbreak bulletin issue 4  September 2014In this issue, a general overview of outbreaks that occurred within the WHO African Region between January - September 2014 is provided as well as a summary of ongoing outbreaks as reported by Member States.

Overview of reported outbreaks in WHO African Region

Based on data received from the Early Warning System through the Event Management System (EMS), 52 public health events were reported to the Regional Office between January and September 2014 of which 94% (49 / 52) were due to infectious diseases;

  • Cholera being the most frequently reported infectious disease (33%)
  • Dengue (11%)
  • Ebola (11%) and
  • Meningitis (11%)

icon Download the Disease Outbreak bulletin - Vol. 4 (1.41 MB)

On 23 October 2014, WHO was notified by Mali's Ministry of Health of a laboratory-confirmed case of infection with Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). This is the first EVD case in Mali.

Details of the case are as follows:

The case is a 2-year-old female who developed symptoms, presumably on 19 October 2014, while in Beuila, Guinea and then travelled across by road to Mali. On 20 October 2014, the patient was admitted to a healthcare facility in Kayes, Mali. On 21 October 2014, she was referred to the Fousseyni Daou Hospital in Kayes. On 22 October 2014, samples for EVD were taken and analysed at the Center for TB and AIDS Research in Mali. Samples came back positive for EVD. Confirmation of test results is being carried out at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta and at Institute Pasteur de Dakar Senegal. The case died on 24 October 2014.

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