WHO policies and strategies

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The Human Resources for Health (HRH) or the Health Workforce Development Strategy was adopted and  Resolution AFR/RC48/R3 in 1998. This was followed by Resolution AFR/RC52/R5 in 2002 approving the document on human resources for health, Accelerating Implementation of the Regional Strategy requesting Member States to: prioritize development of HRH with all the key components ; accelerate implementation of resolution AFR/RC48/R3 with the additional orientations of the AFR/RC52/13; and mobilize internal partnerships for HRH agenda in Africa.

In 2008 AFR/RC57 adopted the following actions as key for countries: Formulation of comprehensive policies and plans for human resources development; Advocating for creation of fiscal (budgetary) space for improved production, retention and performance of HRH; Production of human resources for health: education, training and skills development; Improving systems for management of human resources; Generation of evidence through information systems and research for human resources development; Fostering partnerships for human resources development.

These orientations have been further validated by the WHR 2006 which highlighted the fact that 36 of the 57 countries globally in crisis shortages (failing to meet the minimum density threshold of 2.3 skilled HW (doctor, nurse and midwife) per 1000) are in the African region. The World Health Report 2006 provides some direction on actions to be taken to deal with the different components of the health workforce development in countries including a ten year plan of action and is largely consistent with regional priorities.

 

Africa Health Workforce Observatory
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A cooperative network for information and action to contribute to solve the health workforce crisis in Africa