The Director-General and the Regional Director are represented in the 47 Member States of the African Region by a WHO Representative (WR) or a WHO Liaison Officer, respectively heading a WHO Country Office (WCO) or a WHO Liaison Office (WLO). The relations between the WHO and respective Member States are defined in a Basic Agreement.
The WCOs/WLOs support countries in reaching their national health goals and in contributing to global and regional public health action. They draw on the experiences in the countries in building a body of public health knowledge that can benefit the rest of the world.
The WHO Country Office is at the centre of the WHO's mechanism for providing technical cooperation to countries as per the Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS). The CCS is a medium-term strategy that guides WHO's work at the country level under the leadership of the WHO Representative.