Noncommunicable Disease Prevention and Control

The Noncommunicable Disease Prevention and Control Programme supports Member States to develop and implement comprehensive and integrated policies and strategies for the management of the main chronic noncommunicable diseases. These include: cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, oral health, chronic respiratory diseases and sickle cell diseases.

Experts wrap up workshop on cancer registries

Brazzaville 12 February 2016 – Cancer control experts from nineteen French-speaking countries in Africa wrapped up a five-day workshop aimed at building their capacity to tackle the rising tide of cancer in the Region.

The workshop which began on 8 February 2016, in Brazzaville, Congo brought together over forty high-level participants from ministries of health. It was organized by the World Health Organization Regional Office for Africa in collaboration with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), International Agency for Research on Cancer  (IARC), African Cancer Registries Network (AFCRN) and the Registre des cancers de Brazzaville. The objective was to enhance Member States’ capacities in establishing and operating cancer registries to support comprehensive cancer control planning in francophone African countries.

The number of overweight children aged under 5 in Africa has nearly doubled since 1990 

WHO 0488092.imgCommission presents its final report, calling for high-level action to address major health challenge

The Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity (ECHO) presented its final report to the WHO Director-General today, culminating a two-year process to address the alarming levels of childhood obesity and overweight globally.

The ECHO report proposes a range of recommendations for governments aimed at reversing the rising trend of children aged under 5 years becoming overweight and obese. At least 41 million children in this age group are obese or overweight, with the greatest rise in the number of children being obese or overweight coming from low- and middle-income countries.

UN Task Force on NCDs : A call for joint action across the UN system to support Mozambique tackle non-communicable diseases

UN Task Force on NCDs : A call for joint action across the UN system to support Mozambique tackle non-communicable diseasesMaputo, 6 November 2015 – A joint mission of the United Nations Interagency Task Force on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) visited Mozambique from 2-6 November to support the UN Country Team in providing technical assistance to the government in tackling NCDs - principally cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancers, and chronic respiratory diseases. In Mozambique, NCDs cause 23% of all deaths and nearly 1 in 5 people die prematurely from NCDs and are having an increasing adverse socioeconomic impact on the country.  Mozambique is the third country in the WHO African Region to host a Joint Mission of the Task Force. The mission included representatives from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the World Health Organization (WHO), which led the mission.

Cervical cancer common amongst African women

Cervical cancer common amongst African womenCervical cancer is caused by the sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV), which is the most common viral infection of the reproductive tract. It affects younger age groups as a result of early sexual activity, multiple sexual partners, and exposure to other sexually transmitted infections such as HIV.

There are more than 100 types of HPV, of which at least 13 are cancer-causing. Two types of HPV cause 70% of all cervical cancer. Most sexually active men and women will be infected at some point in their lives with HPV – some may be repeatedly infected.

Diabetes burden rising sharply in the African Region

Diabetes burden rising sharply in the African RegionDiabetes is expected to become the seventh global leading cause of death by 2030. In 2012, diabetes was the direct cause of 1.5 million deaths worldwide and statistics indicate that the risk of dying among people with diabetes is at least double that of their peers without diabetes.

Diabetes is a chronic disease, which occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Symptoms of diabetes include excessive thirst, constant hunger, marked weight loss, increased excretion of urine, altered vision and fatigue.