Disabilities and rehabilitation


WHO  022Disability is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions. In other words, disability is not just one health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives.

People with disabilities often do not receive the needed health care and approximately half cannot afford it.

Rehabilitation is a set of measures that assist an individual who experience, or are likely to experience, disability to achieve and maintain optimal functioning in interaction with their environments. It provides disabled people with the tools they need to attain independence and self-determination.

It encompasses a board spectrum of goals that includes the prevention of loss of function; slowing the rate of loss of function; improvement or restoration of function; compensation for loss of function; maintenance of current function.

Approximately 50% of people with disabilities are unable to afford care. People with disabilities were more than twice as likely to report inadequate health care provider skills, four times more likely to report being treated badly and nearly three times more likely to report being denied care.

The interventions being implemented are:

  • Community based rehabilitation,
  • Provision of orthopedic devices and mobility aids,
  • Training and capacity development of rehabilitation personnel and orthopedic technicians, physiotherapists, etc.
  • Policy development on disability and action plan on behalf of persons with disabilities, PwDs.
  • Capacity building of Disabled People Organizations, and networks supporting the UN Convention on the rights of persons.