Tobacco Control - Overview

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Tobacco is the leading preventable cause of death in the world. Tobacco control actions will prevent young people from starting to use tobacco, help current tobacco users to quit and protect non-smokers from exposure to second-hand smoke.

 

Strengthening the implementation of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control -that is ratified or acceded by 42 out of the 47 countries in the African region- is one of the big challenges for countries in the African region.”


Countries in the African region are experiencing an increasing rate of tobacco use. The prevalence of tobacco use in African countries is between 8 to 43% for boys and 5 to 30% for girls. The fast growth of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa is leading to larger and more accessible markets and an increasing of the African consumers’ purchasing power. In addition to that there are the intensive efforts by the tobacco industry to expand African markets.

Prevention is clearly the most cost-effective measure. Comprehensive monitoring informs the governments and civil society on how the tobacco epidemic harms their countries, and helps them to allocate tobacco control resources where they are most needed and will be most effective.

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