Gender, Women's Health and Ageing: Components

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The  Gender, Women's Health and Ageing programme consists of the following areas/components:

Healthy ageing

More people in the African Region are living longer lives. Estimated at 43 million in 2010, the number of people aged 60 years and older in sub-Saharan Africa is projected to reach 67 million by 2025 and 163 million by 2050. Ageing is becoming a major challenge as it increases the demand for a variety of health services as a growing number of older people are living with chronic diseases and disability.

Social aspects of family and reproductive health programme including harmful traditional practices.

In order to continue to eliminate harmful traditional practices, especially FGM, a wide range of technical support to several countries and institutions has been provided by WHO. In addition, The African Union, the African Parliamentarian Union and the Medical Women's International Association used WHO work on FGM to review and establish their respective programmes. GTZ requested technical assistance from the Regional Office to develop national action plan regarding migrant and refugee women who practice FGM.

Women's Health

Gender inequity, poverty among women, weak economic capacity, sexual and gender-based violence including female genital mutilation (FGM) are major impediments to the amelioration of women's health in the African Region. To ensure that women and men have equal access to the necessary opportunities to achieve their full health potential and health equity, the health sector and the community need to recognize that women and men differ in terms of both sex and gender. Because of social (gender) and biological (sex) differences, women and men experience different health risks, health-seeking behaviour, health outcomes and responses from health systems.