The Gender and Women's Health programme consists of the following areas/components:

Healthy ageing

With people living longer and fewer children being born, then absolute number of older people is increasing. Today, there are 600 million persons aged 60 years and above. This total will double by 2025 and will reach virtually two billion by 2050 when there will be more people aged 60 and over than children under the age of 15. Generally, women live longer than men and women represent the majority of caregivers on the other hand, there is also growing evidence that the health needs of ageing men are often neglected and special outreach programmes for older men are needed.

Social aspects of family and reproductive health programme including harmful traditional practices.

In order to continue to eliminate harmful traditional practices, especially FGM, a wide range of technical support to several countries and institutions has been provided by WHO. In addition, The African Union, the African Parliamentarian Union and the Medical Women's International Association used WHO work on FGM to review and establish their respective programmes. GTZ requested technical assistance from the Regional Office to develop national action plan regarding migrant and refugee women who practice FGM.

Women's Health

Gender inequity, poverty among women, weak economic capacity, sexual and gender-based violence including female genital mutilation (FGM) are major impediments to the amelioration of women's health in the African Region. To ensure that women and men have equal access to the necessary opportunities to achieve their full health potential and health equity, the health sector and the community need to recognize that women and men differ in terms of both sex and gender. Because of social (gender) and biological (sex) differences, women and men experience different health risks, health-seeking behaviour, health outcomes and responses from health systems.