Child and Adolescent Health

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The Child and Adolescent Health Programme supports Member States to develop, implement and evaluate child and adolescent health programmes that will lead to improved quality of life for children and adolescents in the African Region.


5 children under age 5 die every minute in the African Region

5 children under age 5 die every minute in the African RegionIn 2013, an estimated 6.3 million children under five died, 2.9 million of them in the WHO African Region. This is equivalent to five children under 5 years of age dying every minute. Two thirds of these deaths can be attributed to preventable causes. A third of all these deaths are in the neonatal period.

Pneumonia, diarrhoea, malaria and HIV are the main causes of death in infants and young children. In the African Region, about 473 000 children die from pneumonia, 300 000 from diarrhoea, and a further 443 000 from malaria every year. In 2012, 230 000 new HIV infections were recorded among children under 5 years of age


Global child deaths down by almost half since 1990

Global child deaths down by almost half since 1990 Child deaths in 2012 were approximately 6.6 million or roughly half the number recorded in 1990 when more than 12 million children died. A new joint report, published today, shows that though the trend is encouraging, many more lives could be saved with access to basic health care services. Newborns are particularly at risk and nearly half of under-five deaths are linked to undernutrition.