Diabetes Mellitus control

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Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia which requires lifelong treatment. Its prevalence in Africa varies between 1% and 20%. The global spread of diabetes has given it the characteristics of a pandemic.

The most frequent form is Type 2 diabetes which represents more than 85% of the cases. Other forms are Type 1 (10%), specific diabetes and gestational diabetes (5%).1

Diabetes is serious due to its complications, namely: cardiovascular ailments, cerebral vascular accidents, renal insufficiency, blindness, sexual impotence and gangrene of the feet leading to amputation. Diabetes and associated chronic conditions are rapidly emerging as major health problems.

WHO estimates that more than 180 million people worldwide have diabetes. This number is likely to more than double by 2030 without urgent action. In 2005, an estimated 1.1 million people died from diabetes, almost 80% of them occur in low and middle-income countries, and half of in people under the age of 70 years; 55% of diabetes deaths are in women. The need for better coordination of efforts on diabetes across the African region by supporting the development of comprehensive national non communicable diseases plans including diabetes and collaboration amongst all stakeholders in order to build on existing accomplishments and avoid duplication of efforts is critical.

Focal person for Diabetes Mellitus Management:
Dr. Boureima H. Sambo;
Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Related links:

Message of the WHO Regional Director for Africa, Dr Luis Gomes Sambo on the occasion of the World Diabetes Day 2013