Overview: Epidemic and Pandemic Alert and Response


Epidemic prone diseases have and continue to pose serious public health threats to Member States in the African region. These include diseases such as cholera, meningitis, avian influenza, and viral haemorrhagic fevers for which the region reports considerably high incidence and mortality rates. This continues despite concerted efforts since 1993 through the adoption of the AFRO Regional Strategy for Epidemic Preparedness and Response, to help African countries deal with epidemic outbreaks.

Challenges Member States face include:

  • Strengthening capacity and systems to efficiently respond to epidemic prone diseases and other public health emergencies of national and international concern;
  • Tackling socio-economic, demographic, environmental and ecological factors which facilitate the occurrence and spread of these diseases;
  • Overcoming structural impediments for rapid response to epidemic prone diseases.